NEWS | PUBLICATIONS

Comparison between oral glucose tolerance test and mixed meal tolerance test

Maria Guarino and Marlene Lages, researchers at ciTechCare, are co-authors of the article ‘Metabolic Effects of an oral Glucose Tolerance Test Compared to the mixed meal tolerance tests: A narrative review’, published in nutrients MDPI. From the 13 studies, in which were involved healthy patients, adults with metabolic disturbances and pregnant women, the conclusion of this review is that mixed meal tolerance test might be a suitable solution to the gold standard Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, since it reduces some of the unpleasant symptoms reported with the OGTT, like nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, bloating and anxiety. Besides, the metabolic feedback provided by a mixed

Read More »

What is the relationship between endurance of the trunk extensor muscles and balance performance in community-dwelling older adults?

With the aim of assessing the relationship between balance performance and endurance of trunk extensor muscles in older people, who reveal to have a higher risk of falling, the results of this correlational and predictive cross-sectional study showed a moderate correlation between the Berg Balance Scale score and Trunk Extensor Endurance Test (ρ=0.41, p=0.001) and between Berg Balance Scale and body mass index (BMI) (ρ=−0.36, p=0.005).  The article, recently published in the International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, allows to conclude that since BMI and muscle endurance are modifiable factors, they should be routinely included in the screening of balance performance in older

Read More »

Which feeding barriers compromise how children with autism spectrum disorders feed?

Inês Tello-Rodrigues, speech therapist, researcher in Cognitive Neurosciences, is co-author of a systematic review about feeding problems in children with autism spectrum disorders’, which was published last May 20 in the Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing. From the 45 eligible articles for the analysis, it was possible to conclude that feeding problems are mainly associated to food selectivity and food refusal, behavioural mealtime problems, fear of trying new food (food neophobia) and oral-motor impairment. From all the studies, 37 focused on the food selectivity and refusal and from these, 8 reveal to compromise the suitable nutritional intake and 8

Read More »

What portuguese elder people tell us about physical exercise practice?

The most recent article from Marlene Rosa, Raúl Antunes and Roberta Frontini about the practise of physical exercise in elder people and edited by Springer Nature aims to explore the cultural influences on barriers or facilitators for the practise of physical activity in this population. Applied a narrative methodology, this study compared two groups of 6 individuals each one, older than 60 years old, in which one of them was enrolled in a community exercise program and the other was not enrolled in any regular exercise program. The study concluded that the high number of barriers felt by the less

Read More »

What is the role of carotid bodies as a biomarker in prediabetes?

Maria Guarino and Marlene Lages co-author the book chapter “Carotid Bodies: Use of Chemosensitivity as a Biomarker in Prediabetes” which is included in the “Biomarkers in Disease: Methods, Discoveries and Applications” book series from Springer. This one is a full chapter dedicated to the role of carotid bodies (CB) as metabolic sensors and the relevance of the overactivation of these organs in the development of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The authors claim that it is possible to understand carotid body activity by measuring a set of physiological variables, allowing to identify people with subclinical alterations associated with the development of

Read More »

Physical Activity World Day

In the Physical Activity World Day, we present the conclusions of some of the most recent studies in which Physical Activity assumes an important and therapeutic role. Scientific evidence confirms that the regular practice of physical activity has crucial benefits such as controlling the cardiovascular diseases, preventing chronic diseases like cancer or diabetes or treating some mental health conditions. In the day before the Health World Day, it is clearly assumed that the exercise is one of the best preventive ways of getting sick! Take a look at this up to date publications from citechcare researchers. Above you can read

Read More »